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NASA: sea levels worldwide rose 8cm since 1992
27th August 2015 | panarmenian.net
Sea levels worldwide have risen an average of nearly eight centimeters (three inches) since 1992 because of warming waters and melting ice, a panel of NASA scientists said on Wednesday, Aug 27, according to the Gurdian. In 2013, a United Nations panel predicted sea levels would rise from between 0.3 and 0.9 meters by the end of the century. The new research shows that sea level rise would probably be at the high end of that, said a University of Colorado geophysicist, Steve Nerem.

Sea levels were rising faster than they did 50 years ago and “it’s very likely to get worse”, Nerem said. The changes are not uniform. Some areas showed sea levels rising more than 25cm and other regions, such as along the US west coast, actually falling, according to an analysis of 23 years of satellite data. Scientists believe ocean currents and natural cycles are temporarily offsetting a sea level rise in the Pacific, and the US west coast could see a significant rise in sea levels in the next 20 years. “People need to understand that the planet is not only changing, it’s changed,” a Nasa scientist, Tom Wagner, said. “If you’re going to put in major infrastructure like a water treatment plant or a power plant in a coastal zone ... we have data you can now use to estimate what the impacts are going to be in the next 100 years,” Wagner said. Low-lying regions, such as Florida, are especially vulnerable, said Michael Freilich, the director of Nasa’s Earth science division. “Even today, normal spring high tides cause street flooding in sections of Miami, something that didn’t happen regularly just a few decades ago,” Feilich said. More than 150m people, mostly in Asia, live within a meter of the sea, he said, according to the Guardian. The biggest uncertainty in forecasting sea level rise is determining how quickly the polar ice sheets will melt in response to warming temperatures. “Significant changes are taking place today on ice sheets,” said Eric Rignot, a glaciologist at the University of California in Irvine. “It would take centuries to reverse the trend of ice retreat.” Scientists said about one-third of the rise in sea levels is due to warmer ocean water expanding, one-third to ice loss from the polar ice sheets and the remaining third to melting mountain glaciers.

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